It’s never a good feeling when you’re driving along and suddenly feel that “thump thump” of a flat tire. It’s especially worrying if it happens at night, when visibility is lower and roads tend to be emptier. But try not to panic! With the right preparation and careful action, you can safely change your tire and continue on your way.
Here’s a quick answer:
Getting a flat tire at night can be scary, but don’t panic! Carefully pull off the road to somewhere safe, use hazard lights to alert other cars, and assess the situation. Prep gear like a flashlight, tire iron, and jack before jacking up the vehicle. With the spare tire, methodically unbolt the flat, swap wheels, and tighten in a star pattern. Ensure lug nuts are tightened fully before driving away.
Assess the Situation
When you realize you have a flat, your first priority is to get your vehicle off the road onto level, firm ground if possible. Activate your hazard lights to alert other drivers and carefully steer to a safe spot like a wide shoulder. If you’re on a busy highway, exit at the nearest off-ramp. As you slow down, listen and feel if the tire is still rolling or scraping. A fully shredded tire may not make it far.
Once stopped, turn on your interior light if it’s dark so you can inspect the damage. Check around your car and the ground nearby in case whatever caused the flat (like a nail) is still present. You’ll also want to note your surroundings – are you on a steep incline or near a curve with poor visibility for other cars? If it feels like an unsafe spot, creeping forward on your flat to a better location may be possible.
Prep Your Gear
Before jacking up the car, gather any supplies you’ll need from the trunk or cabin. This includes the spare tire, jack, lug wrench, gloves, flashlight or headlamp, and wheel chocks for the other tires. If you don’t have all these items, improvising may work – use thick books or bricks instead of chocks, tighten lug nuts as much as possible by hand if no wrench.
You’ll also want something to keep you stable and clean while working like an old towel or blanket. And have your mobile phone handy in case you need to call for assistance. For extra safety, set up roadside reflectors or flares if you have them to make your vehicle more visible.
Lift the Vehicle
Refer to your owner’s manual for jacking instructions specific to your vehicle. Many have reinforced jack points on the frame near the flat tire. It’s crucial you only lift from those points and securely set the jack’s base on firm, level ground. Lifting one corner at a time, jack up the car only enough to raise the flat completely off the ground.
|* Set parking brake and chock other tires
|* No passengers should stay inside
|* Car should be on firm, flat terrain
|* Use jack only at recommended points
Over-extending the jack risks instability and damage if the vehicle slips. Once lifted, wiggle the tire to confirm it’s fully free, then you can start the removal process.
Swap the Tire
With the spare tire nearby, thoroughly loosen the lug nuts securing the flat but leave them threaded on. Only take nuts fully off as you’re ready to swap the new wheel on to prevent confusion. Lift off the flat and rest it out of the way.
Line up the spare and lift it into position. The wheel’s holes should naturally align with the lug bolts. Hand-tighten the nuts in a crisscross star pattern until snug. Then use your wrench (or hand strength and body weight) to tighten further. Check periodically that the wheel remains centered and flush against the hub as you go around tightening.
Once lug nuts are as tight as possible, you can lower the jack to set the new tire firmly on the ground again. Give the bolts a final check with your full body weight on that corner of the car to ensure they don’t loosen up right away under weight.
Seek Assistance if Needed
Ideally you’ll successfully change the tire yourself and can be on your way. Carefully return to the road and drive below 50 mph to the nearest open auto shop or home. The spare is smaller than a standard tire, making handling different, and is intended only for short distances.
If at any point in the process you feel unsafe – whether from car instability on the jack, inability to fully tighten lugs, or another issue – call for roadside help rather than risking injury or damage. And if available, seek guidance via video chat from someone knowledgeable. It’s smart to know your limits when tackling emergency car repairs roadside.
Changing a flat yourself takes effort but pays off in convenience compared to waiting who knows how long for assistance. As long as you stay calm, take preventative safety measures, and carefully follow the steps, you’ll be rolling on all four tires again soon. With practice and preparation, you can master this essential skill all drivers should know.
1. What should I put under my car’s jack for stability and safety?
For maximum safety you want to place the jack on a flat, solid, and stable surface like pavement or concrete. Don’t do it in soil, which can shift and cause issues. And set the emergency brake before jacking!
2. How much should I tighten the spare tire lug nuts to begin with?
Just get them nice and snug at first with whatever tools you have (wrench, hands) in a star pattern. Fully tightening will come after the vehicle is lowered with full vehicle weight – that’s what secures the tire against working loose.
3. What if I can’t find a safe spot to pull over and change my tire along the highway?
If it’s a busy highway lacking shoulders or safe exits, keep driving slowly with hazard lights on until the nearest off-ramp or parking area. Only exit and stop if you’re sure oncoming traffic can see you from enough distance to avoid the rear of your car.
4. Should I call for roadside assistance right when I get a flat at night?
Not necessarily right away if you have the knowledge and supplies on hand. Changing your own tire is often faster. But know what you are capable of and don’t hesitate to call for help as needed, like if you encounter issues removing lug nuts or lack safety equipment.
5. How soon do I need to get my spare tire replaced at a shop?
You’ll want to replace it with a full-sized tire right away. Spares are meant only for short trips of around 50 miles to a repair shop. The small size impacts handling and they tend to wear out faster. So schedule a replacement ASAP after using your spare.